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  • Severe behaviour: whose problem?

    The article relates the story of Mr. Jordan, a man who was institutionalised and engaged in a range of long term extreme and self injurious behaviours.

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  • Behind the word - choice

    The word "choice" has come into fashionable use in services and politics. This article describes what it means and its importance to people who have disabilities. It also looks at assumptions which are made about "choice" in relation to social role valorisation, and the conflicts which may occur.

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  • Common vulnerability of groups who are at risk of social devaluation

    This paper lists the common causes of vulnerability of groups of people who are at risk of being marginalised in society. These include misrepresentation of their needs and rejection.

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  • Skills for using formal resources

    This paper suggests some techniques for parents of children with disabilities to use in dealing effectively with agencies, institutions and professionals, and in ways which are also self empowering. It emphasises that knowledge and skill are very powerful - "they are meant to be used as tools, not weapons".

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  • Normalisation

    This paper clearly sets out what is meant by the term "normalisation" (social role valorisation).

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  • Meeting the socio sexual needs of severely impaired adults

    This article by Wolfensberger - Director of the Training Institute for Human Service Planning and Change Agentry at Syracuse University - describes his experience of visiting a particular hostel in Sweden where, as the residents are socialised into the culture and into adulthood, they are also socialised into culturally normative...

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  • The Principle of Normalisation: A Foundation for Effective Services

    John O'Brien who, together with his wife (Connie Lyle) focuses on assisting organisations respond effectively to the needs of individuals, presents this paper which defines the principle of normalisation (social role valorisation) and highlights program features which influence the quality of life it supports for those it serves.

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  • A critical look at professionals

    This paper takes a critical look at professionals and argues that the justification of workers to intervene in someone else's life has to be well targeted and clearly defined.

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  • Individual empowerment and social service accountability

    This Canadian paper provides a comprehensive overview of the service brokerage concept and clarifies some of its more important operational aspects.

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  • Hugs all Around! How Nicholas McCullough Came Home

    This is a short story about community. It comes from one of the most isolated places in Canada - a small fishing village in the province of Nova Scotia.

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